The Samara region is located in the southeastern part of the European territory of Russia in the middle reaches of the Volga River. It occupies an area of 53.6 thousand square meters. km.
The population of the region as of the beginning of 2022, according to preliminary data, amounted to 3129.4 thousand people - 2.2% of the population of Russia and 10.9% of the population of the Volga Federal District. In terms of population, the Samara Region ranks 12th among the regions of Russia and 4th among the regions of the Volga Federal District. The regional center is the urban district of Samara with a population of 1135.9 thousand people.
The Samara region is a highly urbanized region, most of its citizens live in urban areas (79.7% of the population of the region). On the territory of the Samara region there is a unique dual-core Samara-Togliatti agglomeration, in which more than 86% of the population of the region lives.
The Samara region is one of the developed industrial centers of Russia. The region ranks 3rd in the Volga Federal District in terms of the volume of shipped industrial goods, including 4th place in mining, 3rd place in manufacturing and provision of electricity, gas and steam, 2nd place in water supply; water disposal, organization of collection and disposal of waste.
More than 650 large and medium-sized industrial enterprises operate in the region. In the structure of the gross regional product, the share of industry is 46% (estimated in 2021).
The industrial complex includes mining, manufacturing and energy industries. The basis for the development of the region's economy is high-tech manufacturing industries with high added value (automotive industry, production of aviation and space technology, which account for about 22% of the total industrial output of the region), industries with a high depth of processing (chemistry, metallurgy).
There are about 3.5 million hectares of agricultural land in the Samara region. The area of agricultural land in the composition of agricultural land is 3.4 million hectares (8.7% of agricultural land in the Volga Federal District), including arable land - 2.6 million hectares. Natural fodder lands (hayfields and pastures) make up more than 420 thousand hectares.
The Samara region is a region with a high level of investment activity and is consistently among the top twenty constituent entities of the Russian Federation in terms of attracted investments. At the end of 2020, in terms of total investment in fixed assets, the region ranks 17th in Russia and 4th in the Volga Federal District.
In 2020, investments in fixed assets for a full range of organizations amounted to 278.5 billion rubles - 88.2% compared to 2019 in comparable prices.
In the total volume of investments, 75.5% (210.3 billion rubles) was disbursed by organizations that are not small businesses.
The main volumes of investments in fixed assets in 2020 were concentrated in manufacturing industries (30.9% of the total investment of organizations that are not small businesses), as well as in transport (22.9%), mining (12. 1%), information and communication (6.8%), energy (6.5%), construction (2.7%), health and social services (2.6%), education (2, 3%), trade (2.0%).
In 2021, the total volume of investments in fixed assets in the Samara Region amounted to 364.2 billion rubles - 122.5% by 2020 in comparable prices. Such growth rates made it possible to fully compensate for the investment decline in 2020 (109.6% in comparable prices by 2019). According to the dynamics of investment development in fixed assets, the region ranks second in the Volga Federal District.
In 2021, 25 investment projects were implemented, including 23 new large industrial production facilities and 2 projects in the service sector (the Russian Post logistics postal center and the Volzhskie Termy health and recreation center).
51 projects are at the stage of active implementation, the implementation of which is expected using the mechanism of public-private (municipal-private) partnership, of which 35 projects for the amount of attracted extra-budgetary investments in the amount of 50.4 billion rubles have been put into operation, created 3558 jobs (between 2016 and 2021).
The volume of construction work for 2021 amounted to 254.1 billion rubles and increased by 41% compared to 2020 and by 35.1% compared to the “pre-pandemic” 2019. The volume of housing construction (1802.7 thousand square meters of housing) increased by 28.7% compared to 2020. According to the dynamics of these indicators, the Samara region took 2nd place and 1st place in the Volga Federal District, respectively.