St. Petersburg is the northernmost city in the world with a population of more than one million people. Among the cities located entirely in Europe, St. Petersburg is the third most populous, as well as the first in terms of population, city that is not the capital. The city is the center of the St. Petersburg urban agglomeration.
St. Petersburg is an important economic, scientific and cultural center of Russia, a major transport hub. The historical center of St. Petersburg and its associated complexes of monuments are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List; it is one of the most important tourist centers in the country. Among the most important cultural and tourist sites are the Hermitage, the Mariinsky Theater, the Russian National Library, the Russian Museum, the Peter and Paul Fortress, and St. Isaac’s Cathedral.
The dominant economic activities of the region are: